Most Famous Family of Writers
Bronte sisters, belonging to the 19th century, were considered one of the famous families of literary. The literary legends consist of Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Bronte. They were born in the village of Thornton and later shifted to the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.
The family of poets and novelist sisters had a brother Branwell. Being very close to each other, the family used to share imaginative storytelling and plays set in a complex imaginary world. The most renowned work of Charlotte was Jane Eyre, Emily’s was Wuthering height and that of Anne was The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
To commemorate their literary contribution, their birthplace in Thornton is a place of pilgrimage and their later home in Haworth is the Bronte Parsonage Museum.
The family inherited scribes and literary men in Fermanagh.
Patrick Bronte, father of Bronte sisters was a Bachelor of Arts degree and author of cottage poems, the Rural Ministel besides many rural poems, pamphlets, and news articles.
Patrick Branwell, the son of the family, was also a painter, writer, and casual worker. He was the author of Juvenilia, which he wrote as a child with his sister Charlotte under the pseudonym of Northanger land.
National Portrait Gallery, London exhibits his painting, painted by Branwell himself among his sisters. Later, he removed his image from the picture, not to clutter the picture. Father Patrick and sisters considered Branwell to be a genius, in possession of various talents and specially inclination toward literature. But, he got addicted to alcohol and laudanum. He died of tuberculosis in 1848.
Charlotte is best known for her work as an author of Jane Eyre and three other novels.
Her other works included:
Shirley in 1849
Villette in 1853
The professor in 1857
Emily Jane was a poetess and novelist who wrote the only novel titled Wuthering heights.
Anne also a poet and novelist whose work largely consists of autobiographical novel title Agnes grey. Her second novel was The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
Literary Evolution of the Family
The children of the family were interested in writing from early childhood and with time it became a passion. It started with 12 wooden soldiers which the family-owned. Soon the sisters’ family started taking down their ideas of story around these toys in the written form consisting of the imaginary African Kingdom of Glass Town followed by The Empire of Angria. The stories written by them were in the little books, the size of a matchbox.
The most intriguing feature of these pages was that they were close, written in capital letters without punctuations and embellished with illustrations, detailed maps, landscapes, and other features. These fictional works laid the foundation for the literary masterpieces.
The combined first work of three sisters was first published in 1846 using the male pseudonym of CurrerBell for Charlotte, Ellis Bell for Emily and Acton Bell for Anne.
It was only in 1847 when Charlotte’s Jane Eyre, Emily’s Wuthering Heights and Annes Agnes Grey work got published, out of which latter two novels attracted critical acclaim.
Wuthering Heights was praised for its originality of subject and narrative style and criticized for being outrageously violent and immortal. Charlotte’s and Anne’s work were flattering and hence became what today knew as a best seller.
Emily Bronte also called ‘Sphinx of Literature’ wrote a single novel Wuthering Heights and poems of elementary nature.
Homage to Emily Bronte
Inspired by Emily’s novel, famous singer Kate bush, released her debut album ‘The Kick Inside’ in November 1977 with the same name, Wuthering heights. This song became Kate’s most successful song that stayed at was #1 position on the UK singles chart for four weeks. It was named the fifth greatest song of the1970s.
Family Meeting Fatal End
From the family of Bronte; Branwell died in September 1848, Emily in December 1848, and Anne died five months later in May 1849. Charlotte died at the age of 38 due to tuberculosis or typhoid fever. By 1860, Mr. Brontë, the father, and his son-in-law, Arthur Bell Nicholls were the only person to reside at the parsonage. He survived his entire family. After six years of Charlotte’s death, gloomy father died in 1861 aged 84.
The family might be all gone but the sisters left behind a legacy of superb writing works that have captivated people’s imaginations for generations and have also been the inspiration for many poets, songwriters, and their books have touched hearts of millions of people around the world. The sisters might have died young but what they have left behind will go on forever.